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China: Ready to dominate the world of science?

04 Feb

Whenever I think of the best science centers in the world USA and EU states come to my mind. However after having read a very short article at NewScientist (‘Get ready for China’s domination of science‘) , I began to wonder how long USA and EU would keep on being the attraction centers for the brightest minds. Take a look at the facts below and decide for yourself:

– Data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development shows that between 1995 and 2006, China’s gross expenditure on R&D (GERD) grew at an annual rate of 18 per cent. China now ranks third on GERD, just behind the US and Japan and ahead of any individual European Union state.

– China’s student population has reportedly reached 25 million, up from just 5 million nine years ago. China now has 1700 higher education institutions, around 100 of which make up the “Project 211” group. These elite institutions train four-fifths of PhD students, two-thirds of graduate students and one-third of undergraduates.

– In 1998, China’s research output was around 20,000 articles per year. In 2006 it reached 83,000, overtaking the traditional science powerhouses of Japan, Germany and the UK. Last year it exceeded 120,000 articles, second only to the US’s 350,000.

– China produces 10 per cent of the world’s publications in engineering, computer sciences and earth sciences, including minerals. It now also produces 20 per cent of global output in materials sciences, with a leading position in composites, ceramics and polymer science and a strong presence in crystallography and metallurgical engineering.

– China is not doing science behind closed doors; its international collaborations are growing. Nearly 9 per cent of papers originating from Chinese institutions have a US-based co-author. Japanese and British co-authorship is also growing. Collaboration with South Korea and Singapore almost trebled between 2004 and 2008 and collaboration with Australia expanded too – signs, perhaps, of an emerging Asia-Pacific regional network.

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2 Comments

Posted by on February 4, 2010 in Ekonomi-Politik, Science

 

2 responses to “China: Ready to dominate the world of science?

  1. Volkan YAZICI

    February 4, 2010 at 16:37

    I dunno about the Chinese folks, but in terms of CS, nowadays half of the papers are full of bullshit, and the other half is lies. Surprisingly, a tremendous amount of the innovative findings and improvements dates back to before 80s. If we would look at the picture from this aspect, isn’t that fact more interesting?

     
  2. Emre Sevinc

    February 4, 2010 at 16:44

    Every field of science has its bright and not-so-bright periods. However, taking the depth and breadth of CS into account, I find it hard to believe that all innovation was done more than 30 years ago and nothing new and exciting happens in the field for the last 30 years.

     

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